Before the city's last public budget hearing kicks off tonight, we wanted to jump into a much-discussed part of the budget – the Police Department. Here's some information on how to watch when the hearing kicks off at 6:05 PM tonight. You can sign up to speak here up until 3:05 PM (three hours before the meeting).
The upshot is that the city will be budgeting more money for fewer Police Department employees than we did in 2019.
First, the topline: the Department's budget is increasing by about $27 million this year. Quick note: the budget tool at that link doesn't include vacation, sick pay, or leave for the 2021 or 2022 budgets, as they are all added as actual amounts after the year, but estimated budgets including those items in 2021 and 2022 are below:
This proposed budget increase would take the department from 866 to 926 employees (a number that includes officers on the street as well as desk jobs, administrators, etc.), which is still fewer staff members than the department had in 2019 as it continues to dig out of the hole created by the mass retirements in 2020.
The 2019 budget covered 1,082 department employees for $181 million, while the 2022 budget will cover 926 employees for roughly $206 million. That means that in the last couple years, the city has gone from paying $167k per Police Department staff member to $222k per staff member.
So, why did this happen? Let's dig into the three sections of the budget that had the largest increases from 2019 to 2022:
- Workers compensation costs have increased by $7 million since 2019, more than tripling from $2.9 million to $10 million. The Minnesota Reformer has done great reporting on this already, both on the skyrocketing costs and the installment plan the city is using to pay them off. From the article about the installment plans: "In 2019, the city had 10 PTSD claims, according to the city’s Finance and Property Services Department. The number shot up after George Floyd was murdered in May 2020, with about 200 PTSD claims filed since."
- Total salaries have increase by $6 million, from $83 million to $89 million. 2020 saw a large number of officers leave the force, so while the headcount for that year looks quite high, many of those staff members left part of the way through the year. Adding more officers, giving raises to officers, and increasing salaries to recruit and attract new officers means we'll be paying $6 million more on salaries this year despite a lower headcount than 2019.
- Self-insurance premiums for the department have increase $5 million, nearly doubling from $5.8 million to $10.7 million.
There are other line items that have ticked up by smaller amounts, but those three make up about 75% of the total increase since 2019 by themselves. The first two, in particular, are a direct result of the wave of mass retirements that hit the department in 2020 and the efforts to replace them. Dig in to the numbers for yourself here.